Emma Armstrong-Carter is a doctoral student in Developmental and Psychological Sciences at Stanford University and a recipient of the IES fellowship training grant. She received her BA in Psychology and Geography from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) in 2016. Prior to coming to Stanford, Emma also worked for two years as the lab manager in the Social Neuroscience and Health Lab at UNC. Her research interest is how biological and social processes shape and interact with children’s cognitive functioning. Emma’s current projects in Jelena Obradovic’s SPARK lab focus on biological sensitivity to context among Pakistani preschool children, and how parent-child co-regulation relates to young children’s physiological responses to emotional challenges.