Cassandra Hart

Cassandra Hart

Assistant Professor of Education Policy, University of California, Davis

School accountability and school choice: Effects on student body composition across schools
Thursday, May 23, 2013 - 3:30pm to 5:00pm

Cubberley 114

This paper examines the effect of the introduction of school accountability policies in Florida on schools’ student body compositions. We specifically examine the effects on the composition of incoming kindergarten classes, using a novel set of data that allows us to merge information on families’ socioeconomic characteristics drawn from birth records with school attendance patterns. We find evidence that high-SES parents were particularly responsive to the introduction of grades. Schools that received “A” grades saw significant increases on an index measure of socioeconomic status among their kindergarten students post-policy. These patterns seem to be driven by increased enrollment of children with college-educated mothers. We find some evidence that these responses are stronger for "A" schools that have nearby alternatives, and where nearby alternatives are poorer-performing. Finally, we find that subsequent releases of grades seem to have less influence on kindergarten class composition than the initial provision of information, even under changes to the grading formula that should provide a grading "shock".

Event contact: 

Taryn Garvin