Education and Inequality in 21st Century America

May 19-20, 2016. Stanford Graduate School of Education

Racial, socioeconomic, and gender disparities in academic performance and educational attainment are stubborn features of the U.S. educational system. These disparities are neither inevitable nor immutable, however. They have been produced by—and so may also be reduced by—a welter of social and economic policies, social norms and patterns of interaction, and the organization of American schooling.

At this conference, leading scholars of education policy and educational inequality presented new research on the causes, patterns, trends, and consequences of academic achievement gaps and educational disparities, and on the effectiveness of various strategies to eliminate them.

Opening Plenary: "The Landscape of Educational Inequality in the U.S."

Sean F. Reardon (Stanford University). The Landscape of U.S. Educational Inequality. Download presentation

Can Federal Education Policy Reduce Educational Inequality?

Tom Dee (Stanford University). Accountability and Achievement, NCLB to ESSA. Download presentation

Rucker Johnson (UC Berkeley). Lessons from Equal Education Opportunity Policy: Connecting the Past, Present, & Future

Discussant: Christopher Edley (UC Berkeley)

Inequality in American Higher Education

Michal Kurlaender (UC Davis). Inequality in American Higher Education: Gaps in Postsecondary Outcomes at Broad Access Institutions. Download presentation

Raj Chetty/John Friedman (Stanford University/Brown University). The Distribution of Student and Parent Income Across Colleges in the United States

Discussant: Eric Bettinger (Stanford University)

Choice, Markets, and Educational Inequality

Jennifer Jennings (NYU). Administrative Complexity as a Barrier to School Choice: Evidence from New York City

Isaac Mcfarlin (University of Michigan). ducational Opportunity for All? A Field Experiment on Discrimination in Public Schools of Choice

Early Childhood Education and Inequality

Daphna Bassok (University of Virginia). Preschool as a strategy for tackling inequality: The role of access, quality & accountability. Download presentation

Pamela Morris (NYU). Making Universal Pre-K Work: A Partnership Approach to Quality at Scale. Download presentation

Stress, Development, and Inequality

Emma Adam (Northwestern University). Race-Related Stress and Academic Disparities: New Models and Mechanisms. Download presentation

Jelena Obradović (Stanford University). Early Adversity, Executive Functioning, and Physiological Responsivity: Implications for Educational Inequality

Small Interventions, Large Impacts?

Geoff Cohen (Stanford University). Powerful but invisible: Social psychological processes in student success.

Jason Okonofua (Stanford University). Brief Intervention to Encourage Empathic Discipline Halves Suspension Rates Among Adolescents. Download presentation

David Yeager (University of Texas). Considerations for the Use of Psychological Interventions to Address Educational Inequality. Download presentation

Predoc/Postdoc Poster Session

A picture of achievement: Socioeconomic status, dialect use, and standard measures of language sampling. Lisa Fitton, Florida State University

Advanced Math Course Options in Michigan Public High Schools. Sarah Cannon, University of Michigan

An early algebra intervention's positive impact on students in grades 3-5. Michael Eiland, University of Wisconsin. Download poster

Are Black-White Achievement Gaps All about Content Mastery? Estimating Gaps that Consider Test Engagement. Jim Soland, Northwest Evaluation Association

DREAMing of College: The Impact of Restrictive and Accommodating In-State Resident Tuition Policies for Undocumented Students on College Choice and Preparation. Brian Holzman , Stanford University. Download poster

Educators As “Equity Warriors”. Jane Rochmes, Stanford University

Evaluating the Effect of Grade Retention on Academic and Psychosocial Outcomes: Implications for Research, Policy, and Practice. Sophia Hwang, New York University

Exploring the Latino-White Achievement Gap Across Disability Classifications Over Time. Daniel Anderson, University of Oregon. Download poster

Family Stress Processes and Children’s Cognitive Self-Regulation. Chelsea Duran, University of Virginia. Download poster

Financing Special Education: Spending, Incentives and Cross-subsidization in Michigan’s Public and Charter Schools. Meg Jalilevand, Michigan State University. Download poster

Fostering parent-child interactions around math using an iPad app to boost math achievement. Talia Berkowitz, University of Chicago

Gender Achievement Gaps in U.S. School Districts. Rosalia Zarate, Stanford University

Inequality of Item-functioning across SES levels with Kaufman Brief Intelligence. Callie Little, Florida State University

Predictors of Change in Academic Expectations of Hispanic High School Students. Emily May, Pennsylvania State University

Tenure Reform in New York City: Do More Rigorous Standards Improve Teacher Effectiveness?. Aliza Husain, University of Virginia. Download poster

Test Format and the Variation of Gender Achievement Gaps within the U.S. Erin Fahle, Stanford University. Download poster

The Causal Effects of Cultural Relevance: Evidence from an Ethnic Studies Curriculum. Emily Penner, Stanford University

The Effect of Violent Crime on Economic Mobility. Gerard Torrats-Espinosa, New York University

The Effects of Welfare Work Requirements on High School Dropout and Teen Unemployment: TANF as a Conditional Cash Transfer. Sarah A. Komisarow, University of Chicago

The Gap within the gap: Using longitudinal data to understand income gaps in educational outcomes. Katherine Michelmore, University of Michigan. Download poster

The potential of computer assisted instruction in reducing mathematics disparities by increasing the mathematics proficiency of Hispanic dual language learners in kindergarten. Matthew Foster, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

The Role of Academic Attitudes in Unpacking the ‘Suspension Effect’. Jaymes Pyne, University of Wisconsin

Transitional Kindergarten vs. Prekindergarten: A Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Analysis of Student Literacy Skills. Chris Doss, Stanford University. Download poster

Where students stand: A theoretical framework for investigating student's social comparison as a mechanism for the relationship between inequality and education. Jason Rarick, New York University

Working for College: The Causal Impacts of Financial Grants on Undergraduate Employment. Katharine Broton, University of Wisconsin. Download poster