Hans Fricke

Hans ( is a PhD candidate in economics and finance at the University of St.Gallen under the supervision of Michael Lechner. His primary research fields are labor economics and the economics of education. His doctoral thesis analyzes determinants of student performance and major choices in higher education. Hans has been a visiting researcher at the Stanford Graduate School of Education since March 2015 collaborating with Eric Bettinger and Susanna Loeb.

Emily Penner

Emily K. Penner is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Stanford School of Education and Center for Education Policy Analysis. She received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Education from the University of California, Irvine (2014) with a specialization in Education Policy and Social Context, and her B.A. in Economics and International Relations from Claremont McKenna College (2005). Her research focuses on educational inequality, and how parents, teachers, schools, and peers shape students’ educational opportunities.