Emily K. Penner is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Stanford School of Education and Center for Education Policy Analysis. She received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Education from the University of California, Irvine (2014) with a specialization in Education Policy and Social Context, and her B.A. in Economics and International Relations from Claremont McKenna College (2005). Her research focuses on educational inequality, and how parents, teachers, schools, and peers shape students’ educational opportunities.